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  26-30 K D M O A

  31-35 F H I C B

  A. associated (v +ed.) 与…相关联

  B. examine(v.)检查;检测

  C. indicate(v.)意味;指示;象征

  D. nuisance(n.)讨厌的人或事

  E. peak(n.)巅峰;峰值

  F. preventing(v +ing.)防止;组织

  G. prohibiting(v +ing.)禁止

  H. sensitive(a.)敏感的

  I. slight(a.)微小的

  J. specify(v.)详细说明;指定

  K. superior(a.)高超的;优秀的

  L. suspicious(a.)可疑的

  M. tip(n.)尖端

  N. treated(v +ed)被治疗的;被对待的

  O. visual(a.)视觉的

  36. I

  定位:段落第一句,”Yes, my advanced age must factor into the equation ,in part because of my inability to access the information as quickly.”

  37. E

  定位:段落首句。”Following the Harvard scandal, Mary Miller, the former dean of students at Yale, made an impassioned appeal to her school’s professors to refrain from take-home exams.”

  38. C

  定位:段落第三句“He believes students ultimately learn more and encourages them to form study groups.”

  39. D

  定位:段落首句“He also says there is less chance of cheating with the in-class variety.”

  40. B

  定位: have a professor who issues take-home ones. I was excited when I Learned this, figuring I Had a full week to do the research.

  41. H

  定位:here are people who always wait until the last minute, and make it much harder than it needs to be.

  42. G

  定位:students’ test-form preferences vary ,too, often depending on the subject and course difficulty.

  43. F

  定位:Most college professors agree the kind of exam they choose largely depends on the subject. A quantitative-based one, for example, is unlikely to be sent home, where one could ask their older brothers and sisters to help.

  44. A

  定位:So it may seem rather strange that I have returned to college to finish the degree I left undone some four decades ago.

  45. J

  定位:“I like in-classs exams because the time is already reserved ,as opposed to using my free time at home to work on a test,” he responded.

  46-50 D C A C B

  51-55 D A A C B


  26. G exposure

  27. L levels

  28. F enroll

  29. O participated

  30. C championships

  31. E developing

  32. M local

  33. N operates

  34. J graduating

  35. B career

  36. C 37.H 38.D 39.O 40.L

  41.B 42.I 43.F 44.L 45.E

  46-50 BBACD

  46. What do we learn from the passage about cities in sub-Saharan Africa?

  B)They are growing fast without becoming richer

  定位:第一段第二句及第四句。第二句What’s indisputable is that it’s growing very quickly对应growing fast, 第四句sub-Saharan Africa are not getting richer the way cities in the rest of the world have.

  47. What does the author imply about urbanisation in other parts of the world?

  B) It started when people’s income was relatively high.

  定位:第二段第二句:Most of Africa is urbanizing at a lower level of income than other regions of the world did.下文又提到因为收入低,所以缺少投资的钱。

  48. Why is sub-Saharan Africa unappealing to investors?

  A) It lacks adequate transport facilities.

  定位:第二段最后一句:… the only light rail metro system…keep investors away.

  49. In what way does author say African cities are different?

  C) They have developed at the expense of nature.


  50. What might be a solution to the problems facing African cities?

  D) A more responsible government


  51-55 BCADD

  51. It used to be commonly acknowledged that to succeed in America, one had to have___.

  B) an ambition to get ahead


  For the past several decades, it seems there’s been a general consensus on how to get ahead in America: Get a college education, find a reliable job, and buy your own home.

  52. What is the finding of the latest National Journal poll concerning the American dream?

  C) Americans’ idea of it has changed over the past few decades.


  Overwhelmingly, the results show that today, the idea of the American dream—and what it takes to achieve it—looks quite different than it did in the late 20th century.

  53. What do Americans now think of the role of college education in achieving success?

  A) It still remains open to debate.


  In the past seven years, Americans have grown more pessimistic about the power of education to lead to success…they see going to college as a fairly achievable goal…do not need a four-year college education in order to be successful.

  54. How do some people view college education these days?

  D) It helps broaden their minds.


  While some…see college as a way to gain new perspective and life experiences.

  55. What is one factor essential to success in America, according to Will Fendley?

  D) A clear aim and high motivation.


  Sixty-year-old Will Fendley…thinks “personal drive” is far more important than just going to college. To Fendley, a sense of drive and purpose, as well as an effective high-school education…


  26-30: F A L G E

  31-35: B M K O N


  A. advantage(n.)优点;优势

  B. commercial(a.)商业的

  C. conservation(n.)保护;保存

  D. equipped(v. +ed)装备;配备

  E. incoming(a.)正来临的;进入的;输入的

  F. innovation(n.)创新

  G. limited(v. +ed)局限的;受限的

  H. local(a.)当地的

  I. maintained(v. +ed)维持;主张

  J. occupations(n.)占用;职业

  K. posted(v. +ed)投放;布置

  L. remained(v. +ed)保持…状态;剩余

  M. reservations(n.)保留;预定

  N. submitted(v. +ed)提交

  O. valuable(a.)有价值的;珍贵的

  Passage One

  Aging happens to all of us, and is generally thought of as a natural part of life.

  46-50 BADCA

  46. What do people generally believe about aging?

  B) They just cannot do anything about it.

  47. How do many scientists view aging now?

  A) It might be prevented and treated.

  48. What does Alex Zhavoronkov think of “describing aging as a disease”?

  D) It will motivate doctors and pharmacists to find ways to treat aging.

  49. What do we learn about the medical community?

  C) They can contribute to people’s health only to a limited extent.

  50. What does Professor Leonard Hayflick believe?

  A) The human lifespan cannot be prolonged.

  Passage Two

  Female applicants to postdoctoral positions in geosciences were nearly half as likely to...

  51-55 CCBDD

  51. What do we learn about applicants to postdoctoral positions in geosciences?

  C) More males than females are likely to get outstanding letters of recommendation.

  52. What do studies about men and women in scientific research show?

  C) Men are believed to be better able to excel in STEM disciplines.

  53. What do the studies find about the recommendation letters for women applicants?

  B) They contain nothing that distinguishes the applicants.

  54. What did Dutt and her colleagues do with the more than 1,200 letters of recommendation?

  D) They deleted all information about gender.

  55. What does Dutt aim to do with her study?

  D) Start a public discussion on how to raise women’s status in academic circles.

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