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科学家发现猴子会“理财”(双语)

2018-04-26 17:43:19来源:新浪教育

  为了帮助大家学习英语,新东方在线小编特为大家准备了双语阅读系列之科学家发现猴子会“理财”(双语),多多阅读对于提高英语水平是至关重要的,更多英语学习资料欢迎大家随时关注英语学习网http: english koolearn com

  研究人员做了一个实验,发现猴子像人一样,也会“理财”,也许,这个 “猴子经济学”反映出一个现象,即天性中的一些怪异特质不会随着进化而消退。

  On a island off the coast of Puerto Rico, a fascinating simian experiment has taken place. The results could give us a deeper understanding of behavioural economics, the psychology of risk and may explain why our economies suffer from periodic financial crises.

  在波多黎各海岸的一个岛上,有人做了一次有意思的猴类实验。实验结果可以加深人们对行为经济学和风险心理学的了解,同时,它可能也解释了为什么人类的经济会遭遇周期性的金融危机。

  It involved six Capuchin monkeys named after James Bond characters.

  这项实验用了6只卷尾猴,以007詹姆斯.邦德的角色命名。

  Researchers trained the monkeys to exchange small metal tokens for food. They were put in a makeshift tiny market where experimenters would offer different foods at different prices.

  研究人员以小型金属代币交换食物对这些猴子进行了训练,然后安排它们到一个临时的小市场进行实验,他们会提供标记不同价格的食物。

  One of those trading with monkeys was Laurie Santos, a professor of cognitive science and psychology at Yale University. “We could use that set up to really ask, do the monkeys pay attention to things like price - are they trying to maximise their monkey token dollar?” she explains.

  劳丽.桑托斯是与猴子进行交易的人员之一,她是美国耶鲁大学的认知科学和心理学教授。她解释说:“我们想利用这种设置来解开疑团,猴子们会关注价格之类的东西吗?它们会最大化利用手中的代币吗?”

  “What we found surprising was, with very little training, the monkeys shopped at experimenters who gave them food more cheaply. So if they got twice as much food for one token with an experimenter, the monkeys shopped there more often.”

  她说:“我们发现,令人惊奇的是,猴子虽然受了很少的训练,但它们购物时总是到给它们的食物较便宜的研究人员那里。因此,如果它们在某位研究人员处用一个代币能买到两倍多的食物,它们就会多光顾。”

  The monkeys also displayed other human-like traits such as opportunism. They tried to grab any tokens that were left lying around while the scientists were not paying attention. Primates engaging in some monkey business no doubt. Nevertheless, it also showed that the monkeys considered the tokens as valuable items.

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