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美司法部裁定耶鲁招生非法歧视亚裔美国人和白人(双语)

2020-08-14 17:18:30来源:网络

  据路透社14日报道,美国司法部周四指控耶鲁大学在本科招生过程中非法歧视亚裔美国人和白人申请者,这违反了美国民权法。

  该部门在一份声明中说,这些发现是针对亚裔美国人团体就耶鲁的行为提出投诉,而进行的为期两年调查后得出的结论。

  美国司法部表示,如果位于康涅狄格州纽黑文的耶鲁大学不采取“补救措施”,司法部将准备对该校提起诉讼。

  耶鲁大学的一位女发言人表示,该校“坚决否认”这些指控,但会全力配合调查。

  耶鲁大学还说,在允许耶鲁大学提供其要求的文件之前,美国司法部就得出了调查结论。

  这位女发言人说:“如果司法部充分地了解了这些信息,并对这些信息进行了公正的权衡,就会得出结论:耶鲁大学的做法完全符合最高法院几十年来的判例。”

  美国司法部表示,这所精英学校“在录取过程的多个步骤中都考虑了种族因素,导致种族因素对申请人被录取的几率产生了成倍的影响”。

  司法部此前曾提交了一份法律文件,支持亚裔美国人团体提起的诉讼,这些诉讼指控哈佛大学歧视亚裔美国人。

  波士顿的一名联邦法官去年做出了有利于哈佛的裁决,认为该校的平权行动项目促进了产生多元化的学生群体这项合法权益。

  对该裁决的上诉正在审理中,这个案子最终可能会上诉到最高法院。

  报道称,美国高等教育中的平权行动项目原本旨在解决种族歧视问题。最高法院裁定,大学可以使用平权法案来帮助少数族裔申请人进入大学。

  美国保守派人士说,平权法案在帮助黑人和拉丁裔申请者时,能够伤害到白人和亚裔美国人。

  翻译(仅供参考)

  The U.S. Department of justice on Thursday accused Yale University of illegally discriminating against Asian Americans and white applicants in its undergraduate admissions process, in violation of U.S. civil rights law, Reuters reported Thursday.

  In a statement, the Department said the findings were based on a two-year investigation into complaints by Asian American groups about Yale's actions.

  If Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, does not take "remedial measures," the Justice Department said it would be prepared to file a lawsuit against Yale University.

  A Yale spokesman said the school "firmly denies" the charges, but will fully cooperate with the investigation.

  Yale also said the U.S. Department of justice reached the conclusion of its investigation before allowing Yale to provide the documents it requested.

  "If the Justice Department is fully aware of the information and makes a fair balance of it, it will come to the conclusion that Yale's approach is fully consistent with the Supreme Court's decades of precedent," the spokesperson said

  The U.S. Department of Justice said the elite school "considered race in many steps of the admissions process, resulting in a multiplier effect on applicants' chances of being accepted.".

  The Department of justice has previously filed a legal document in support of lawsuits filed by Asian American groups accusing Harvard of discriminating against Asian Americans.

  A federal judge in Boston ruled in favor of Harvard last year that the school's affirmative action program promoted the legitimate right to produce a diverse student population.

  An appeal against the ruling is under way and the case may eventually go to the Supreme Court.

  According to the report, the affirmative action program in American higher education was originally aimed at solving the problem of racial discrimination. The Supreme Court ruled that universities could use affirmative action to help ethnic minority applicants enter universities.

  American conservatives say affirmative action can hurt white and Asian Americans when it helps black and Latino applicants.


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