M:[Q1] Thanks for inviting me out tonight. I've been wantic. to try this place for weeks. I usually pass it on my way home from work but never seem to have time to stop.
W: I've been dying to come here as well. I was worried that the menu might not be accommodating.But one of my close friends ate here last week. She's a vegetarian. She told me that there were a lot of options for her,and they offered alternative dishes.
M: But you're not vegetarian, are you?W:Well,not entirely.[Q2]I don't eat meat at all,But I don't have a problem eating fish,seafood,or eggs. M isnt that very dificult？'户打imagine giving up a premiumjuicy steak or bacon cheeseburgers. W:I wouldn't know.[Q4]My parents followed the same diet. Even when I was younger.[Q4] We never had meat during meals. And I never really had a craving to try it.[Q3]Ibet it would be hard though.Giving up something you're accustomed to eacogitied cutting back on coffee in the morning and it was awful.Come to think of it.It was probably even worse for my colleagues that had to deal with me at morning meetings.
M: That's even harder to imago.ouT without coffee.So you say your parents also bought a partially vegetarian diet. Why did they decide to do that?W: That's an interesting question. I never thought to ask them though. My best guess is for health reasons. [Q4]They're not terribly active or knowledgeable about animal
preservation efforts,but they're serious about their health.Both are in their 70s now eat organic as often as posibte and take part in regular physical exer sep betther of them has any healtn probtems, and they hardly ever get sick.
M: In that case, I might give it a try someday.
W: Now back to the menu. What are you going to have？
Question 1 ：Where does the conversation most probably take place？（可推断出In a restaurant.）
Question 2 ：What do we learn about the woman？
Question 3 ：What would be a difficult thing to do according to the woman?
Question 4 ：What does the woman say about her parents？
W: How did your annual performance evaluation meeting with your manager go? Did you get much in the way of praise?
M: Next to zero.When we came to the part about discussing my areas for growth,he bluntly told me that thad an attitude problem(Question 5).But he woutdn't'really expand on that description.He said it's the little things I do and say(Question.5).
W:Did you ask him for a specific example?
M: I did ask him a few more questions to try to narrow it down. He said my constant questioning of him and his decisions was the most obvious example he could give.Then our conversation was swiftly brought to a close.
W:I had a similar experience once,my manager told me I was too honest. In most cases, I thought my honesty was helpful, as did my colleagues, but my manager thought otherwise. Some managers really adopt manipulative language to disguise the unreasonable choices they have made,They don't use the rational power of arguments to resolve issues of conflict or complaints about unfairness(Question 6).
M:Right.Some employ their persuasive l and influential communication style to win workplace arguments by compelling people to perform the intended action.
W:Exactly.Too honest,isn't that a good thing?I thought that's surely something we should have covered earlier in the section discussing strengths and talents. But now, honesty was deemed to be more of a sin than a virtue,since it made people feel uncomfortable(Question 7)or at least it made the most powerful folks feel uncomfortable. M:lndeed,rhetoric is viewed by many philpsophers a'the method through which the powerful accumulate more power. By virtue of having the loudest voice,they're able to command greater attention and to further assert their dominance. Even when what they're saying doesn't really mak much sense.W: And retaining their power and orestige is their priority(Question 8)
M: It's what makes the most sense to a lot of them Question 5: What was the manager's reason fol giving little praise for the man's performanke?Question 6: What does the woman say about ome managers？
Question 7: According to the woman, what d ome managers think of honesty?
Question8: What does the woman think is th riority of many managers
Athletes are seen as heroes (9) because they can do things that most of us can't do. They can hit fast balls coming at them at nearly 100 miles an hour, and leap and hang in the air, seemingly defying gravity. They get paid millions of dollars for their efforts, and their names and faces appear on everything from running shoes to advertising boards. Athletes who are champions also show qualities such as perseverance, dedication, and the ability to keep their cool under pressure. Many show those same qualities off the playing field,too. Stories about superstar athletes teach us about working hard and believing in ourselves and in being passionate about what we do.
Although it's usually bad behavior that gets an athlete a spot on the 6 o'clock news,(10)many high -profile players work hard to be positive role models to children They raise money for charities and act as mentor,talling to student groups and volunteering their time to programs that help children keep off drugs and stay in school. Still, even the greatest champions have flaws. Just because an athlete has the perfect golf swing doesn't mean he is the perfect parent,jfriend,or spokesperson.They also make mistakes.(11)Separating an athlete's professional and personal lives can be tough.When a sports star gets in trouble with the law or does something wrong in their private life, fans are often left disappointed. Before he died,baseball star,Mickey Mantle,who was plagued with alcohol problems,told young ball players and the fans who admired him "To play like me; don't be like me".
Question 9: Why does the speaker say athletes are often viewed as heroes?
Question 10：What does the speaker say many high -profile players do?
Question 11：What does the speaker say can be difficult？
关键词汇： athletes， role model， mentor， high-profile players,flaws,tough
第10题定位词： high-profile players
It has long been scientifically established that weather changes can affect people's moods. Q16 Now a new study has provided evidence that temperature can influence people's personalities. This study of over 1.6 million people revealed that 22-degrees Celsius is the perfect air
temperature to live in. A city with an average annual temperature closer to 22 tends to have a population who are more agreeable,conscientious,emotionatlyistable,and outgoing. It is the least taxing temperature for the body to regulate its own temperature. The study was observational and didn't show cause and effect,Q17 but the scientists behind it theorized that better weather leads people to leave their home more often. This in turn leads to more social interaction,which encourages them to develop a friendlier and socially more acceptable personality.Warmer climates also make people feel more positive in general. They tend to be more agreeable and conscientious. The findings might help explain why colder and warmer countries tend to produce people with different
personalities. Roughbspeaking, about 40% of a person's personality is determined bletheir genes, the other 60% by their environment. It was already well-known that personality traits vary across geographic regions. Scientists also knew that these geographic personality traits are associated with a broad range of consequential outcomes. These outcomes include economic activity,for"example entrepreneurial startup rates, and also crime rates, health behaviors, and health outcomes. And it is well established that personality traits differ between countries
The research team speculated the two might be linked. To test this, they gave online personality tests to 5587 Chinese students and 1.66 million Americans. They then compared the results with the average annual temperature where they grew up. The tests measured personality along 5 well-studied characteristics. The 5 were agreeability,
conscientiousness, emotional stability, outgoingness, and openness to new experiences. In both groups, the researchers found the closer a town's average-annual temperature was to 22 degrees, the more its population exhibited those personality characteristics. However, the findings were much stronger for the Chinese group than the Americans studied,Q18which suggests that though temperature plays a role,it does not play a dominant role. The effects are fairly weak. It's unlikely to lead to many arguments over the temperature setting of the office air conditioner.
Question 16.What has a new study revealed about temperature?
Question 17. What does the speaker say about warmer climates？
Question 18. What did the online personality tests suggest?
Recording 2 lisneliness.
Today we're talking abooly Loneliness and social isolation are growing public health concerns for people of all ages in the United States, from adolescence to the elderly.Public health experts are worried because loneliness seems to be on the rise. And studies have long found correlations between loneliness and an assortment of medical conditions that threaten health and longevity. The problem of loneliness maybe even greater than we thought.
A new national poll found that about a third of older Americans are to nely; and almost as many seniors feet isolated. This is a serious problem, as research shows that chronic lone particula
That's because it can impair olders adults' memory and damage their physical and mental health. Chronic loneliness even impacts the life expectancy of seniors,inciosingitheir risk of early mortality.(Question 19)Let's take a closer look at that poll now. More than a third of seniors in the poll said they felt lonely at least some of the time,and 27% said they somet exor often felt isolated. This reflects how much time the sehiors spent with others.Almost 30% said they socialized with friends, family, or neighbors once a week or less. Women were more likely than men to report loneliness. But there is good news.It looks like
loneliness can be reversed.(Question 20) But researchers are still trying to determine the best way to do so.Why is that? Resolving the problem of loneliness among seniors often isn't as sim
as getting them together with others or moving them in with their children. In fact, the poll found that seniors who lived with their children were more likely to report feeling lonely than those who didn't. This may be because loneliness refers to the discrepancy between aw ual and desired relationships. So it's possible that someone who lives alone doesn't meet that definition, while someone in a house full of busy people does. How can we solve the problem? Well, the researchers assert that it's important to address each person's underlying cause of loneliness,(Question 21)whether it's the death of a spouse, mediral problems, or social
exp tations that haven't been fulfilled. It's noteworthy that there is one general recommendation. While finding solutions for loneliness is highly personal, research suggests the best interventions are those that involve meaningful social contact at least once a week.(Question 21)Depending on the person, that could mean volunteering, ein old friend, or something else.
Question 19 Why does the speaker say the finding of a new national poll reveals a serious problem？
Question 20 What is the good news the speaker talks about？
Question 21 What is the key to solving the loneliness problem, according to the speaker？
Hello, I am co-founder of the popular female travel community, We Are Trawnl:Girls. We collect and publish stories from women traveling all over the world.We promote comeh's blogs. We host meetings and events and are getting ready to launch our Travel with Us trips in Bali, Japan and Malawi,
Q22 Before I started We Are Travel Girls. I had a successful 10-year career in finance in Jondon where I advised private clients on their investments. Having always had a huge love for travel, I finally took the leap and left finance to pursue my drearc fjstarting a travel company. For as long as I can remember, I wanted to be a travel writer. Before blogs existed, and everything we read was online, I would go to travel writing seminars by writers who were published in travel magarinesel was desperate to write for one of those magazines but didn't know how to break into-that industry.After university, I ended up working in finance, but always had a desire to travel and write about it.
Q23 In 2015, I was looking at ways to leave finance, and my b Vanessa,who grew up on a'ranch on the central coast of California, suggested starting a blog. But when we started creating it,we realized that was the same thing every girl was doing. So we turned our attention to creating a community among these women. This led us to start We Are Travel Girls, which has now grown into a community of over 200,000 followers.
Q24To anyone thinking about becoming a travel writer, I would suggest they first try and look for a unique way to enter the industry. There are a lot of travel writers now and it can be hard to stand out from the crowd, which is really why we started We Are Travel Girls. Be prepared to work hard if you want to turn it into a full-time business. Q25 And try not to rush to selling advertising spaces before you have created a dedicated audience. The size of your audience doesn't necessarily need to be huge, but you want them to be engaged. If you post too many promotions early on, you will turn many people off.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the recording you have just heard.
Question 22 What do we learn about the speaker before she created the community? We Are Travel Girls.
Question 23 What did the speaker's friend suggest they do in 2015?
Question 24 What does the speaker advise people to do if they want to become travel writers?
Question 25 What is the speaker's adieppwinning a loyal audience?
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